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External Measurement

YAPfacts are periodic analyses of YAP client demographics and outcomes produced by the Research and Evaluation Center (R&E) of the John Jay College of Criminal Justice. The R&E Center is an applied research organization that provides members of the academic community at John Jay College with opportunities to respond to the research needs of justice practitioners across the nation. The director of the Center is Dr. Jeffrey A. Butts.

Internal Measurement

Youth Advocate Programs (YAP) has been measuring consumer outcomes since 2005.  The current version of our entry and discharge surveys was implemented in 2008 and surveys administered at three, six and 12 months post discharge were implemented late in 2010.

YAP currently uses the same surveys on all individuals regardless of age or referral source.  This is scheduled to change in 2014 as the agency expands our outcomes measurement to include specific populations such as adults, developmentally disabled individuals, individuals referred for legal issues and those referred for school issues.

Since implementation of the latest surveys, YAP has collected entry and discharge information on 41,948 people and post discharge on 7,814 unique individuals.  In the two year period ending on June 30, 2013, YAP gathered entry and discharge information on 15,301 people and post discharge information on 5,282 unique individuals.  The demographic and outcomes information that follows is based on those 15,301 discharged and 5,282 post discharge individuals.

Most of the outcomes definitions shown below were developed by YAP and some were jointly developed by YAP and The John Jay College of Criminal Justice.  Those developed jointly will be denoted in the text.

Demographics
  • 70% of the discharged individuals  are male
  • 63% of individuals served were aged 13-18 (over 27% were 12 or under, and 10% were 19 and over)
  • 72% of the discharged individuals are people of color.
Living Situation Outcomes The definitions of the living situation outcomes presented below were jointly developed by YAP and the John Jay College of Criminal Justice.
  • 90% of the discharged individuals were stable in the community throughout their enrollments or lived in less secure environments at discharge than at entry. In addition, 94% of the discharged individuals who were placed in secure facilities at entry lived in less secure environments at discharge.
  • 90% of the post discharge individuals were stable in the community or lived in less secure environments when most recently contacted. In addition 93% of the post discharge youth who were placed in secure facilities at entry lived in less secure environments when last contacted.
Legal Outcomes
  • 90% of the discharged individuals were not arrested while enrolled. In addition, 82% of the post discharge individuals were not arrested between enrollment and the date last contacted.
  • 36% of the discharged individuals had felony or misdemeanor adjudications/convictions prior to entering YAP's programs. Of those, 83% were not arrested while enrolled.
  • 34% of the post discharge individuals had felony or misdemeanor adjudications/convictions prior to entering YAP's programs. Of those, 71% were not arrested between enrollment and the date last contacted.
Education Outcomes
  • 89% of the discharged individuals made progress or remained stable positive in school attendance while enrolled in YAP's programs.
  • 93% of the post discharge individuals made progress or remained stable positive in school attendance from entry to the most recent time contacted.